Directions: Quiz #1 contains two parts. In the first part, type the answer that best completes the sentence or answers the question. In the second part, respond to each of the short answer questions in your own words. Each of the questions in Section 1 is worth 2 points. Each of the questions in Section 2 is worth 8 points.
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The effects of the European discovery of the Americas was profound. The _____ included the transfer of animals and plants, as well as disease, between the Americas and Europe. Another aspect of the discovery was the slave trade, in which African tribes supplied slaves, or _____ (reflecting the wealth they gained), to European merchants.
Sugar, or what some Europeans called the sweet _____, revolutionized the tastes of Europeans and led to the forced importation of millions of slaves into America. The Atlantic passage for slaves took four to eight weeks, and perhaps one out of every _____ (what number?) captives died on this brutal voyage.
The Society of Friends, or _____, established generally peaceful relations with the neighboring native Delaware tribe under the leadership of the colony’s William Penn. By contrast, _____ occurred in the late seventeenth century when a native leader rose up and led the Pueblo against Spanish rule because of forced conversions, tribute, and the encomienda system.
Next to the Bible, the most widely read book in the colonies was _____, by Benjamin Franklin, in which he shared quips and homespun philosophy. Colonial thinking was also dominated by _____, a body of thought that came from thinkers in England who held that concentrated power was the enemy of liberty and too much power in any one person or group would lead to corruption and tyranny. Both “common sense” and fear of concentrated power continue to define what it means to be an American.
During the Great Awakening, individual members of churches could preach themselves by sharing their conversion experience or their understanding of the Bible, called _____. By contrast, in the mid-seventeenth century the Congregational Church allowed the children of members to join even if they had not had a conversion experience, which was called the _____.